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24 Transformation Through Training Issue No 7 July 2015 were no longer viewed as contradictory assertions but complimentary and intrinsically British concepts of nationhood. Citizenship was now founded and expressed in terms of civic engagement and the theological and historical barriers to serving the Crown had been obsoleted. By the last decade of Victorias reign with some two thirds of the countrys Army being made up of Irish Catholic descent the paradox was complete. The relevance of this to British Muslims is clear in that for much of the 19th and 20th centuries the greatest influence on the political development of Islam has equally been of British origin. Indeed from the 18th Century on the journey from caliphate to nation-state was largely defined by British history particularly so after 1917 with General Allenbys capture of Jerusalem and the death knell of the Ottoman Empire - by default the British had become in many ways an Islamic power per se themselves and masters over the destiny of over half of the worlds Muslims. As such the historical context of the United Kingdoms influence on modern Islam is key to not only defining and understanding the threat from British citizens loyal to forces beyond the Crown but countering it. All this is not however to suggest that the root cause of the threat to Great Britain today is a disenfranchised Islamic population depleted of a history and torn between the suffering of lost brothers and the inalienable demands of their Protestant Christian British heritage. It is patently not - merely that the key to countering it lies in the perception that it might be and that this and what King and Country represents today is what has brought the allegiance of British Muslims into question. Islamic States metamorphosis from a relatively subjunctive epithet to a religious phenomenon and Al Qaedas chrysalis from its defeat at Tora Bora to its return as the Praetorian Hydra- like vanguard of Revolutionary Islam has not only devalued the concept of British nationhood but indirectly the efficacy of the British Crown to establish any capacity for uniting its peoples against them - the threat today hence stems from a lack of investment in consolidating the intrinsic value of a British heritage the teaching of the Empires Muslim legacy and deploying at home and abroad against what has become an internationally established challenge to it. Without such investment a flight of Wild Geese to the new Caliphate will be but the beginning at some point in the near future the current schism between Al Qaeda and the Caliphate will be bridged and through a network of well-entrenched and fledgling insurgencies the Jackals will re-surface. The basis for this and what makes this so very different a threat and so very dangerous a threat is not just the epic international nature of Islamic States metamorphosis or Al Qaedas appetite for political tyranny and terror but the apocalyptic expectations and revolutionary inclinations with which legions of ordinary citizens and insurgent forces from across the world have identified with Islamic State. Moreover as with the terror-regimes of late 18th century France the progressive depravity of the violence associated with the politicization of 21st century Islam has become an intrinsic part of the Jihadists creed and the acceptance endorsement and glorification of it a quantifying factor in their religiosity and fervour - the founding of the Caliphate and Al Qaedas continued penchant for terrorism has simply put morphed into a convincing political and theological manifesto for not only the young but the disenfranchised and the enraged. How far counter-terrorism measures will be of any value upon a resurgence of attacks in the United Kingdom is hence largely dependent on the number of allegiances nurtured to counter the narrative of this platform. Unfortunately however a generational outlook and the episodic approach of focusing on terrorists to counter terrorism pays scant regard to winning the hearts and minds of the constituent masses - the individuals that are jailed killed or de-radicalized are simply replaced. It is therefore argued that to counter the nature of the threat at large the focus needs to be re-adjusted and the enemy re-targeted through the peripheral thematic and immediate lens of counter-insurgency and counter-subversion initiatives tactical alternatives that by overwriting any political content that is exploitable and providing permanent one-way exit- strategies for entire populations would negate the value of the communities targeted by the enemy. Unfortunately despite the furore over the involvement of British Muslim communities in terrorism there have as yet been no significant inroads to actually understanding the parallels with historic insurgencies and the depth to which this phenomenon threatens the country. As a result the generational struggle has become a strategy in itself - an indictment of this governments investment in thwarting the threat and an error of judgement that has caused counter-terrorism measures to lack the political and military courage needed to rally Muslims around the Crown and engage effectively the hysteria that emanates from the heart of this insurgency. In turn opportunities to capitalise on Britains history and its wealth of experience with minority groups and insurgent forces have subsequently been missed and the British state has lost not just many of its citizens but its ability and credibility