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Transformation Through Training Issue No 7 July 2015 19 making process by the TA is simplified and significantly improved thereby greatly increasing the successful outcome of the overall exercise. It is too technical. MS has kept up with all the technical advances of the time. As soon as a new application has proven itself in the commercial sector the MS community quickly follows suit in incorporating that technology to its models. Case in point the use of virtual software known by many as the cloud has revolutionized the ability of distributing MS to customers who normally do not have the resources to support such distributions. But too much technology is not bad when it is utilized for the simplification of efforts conducted by the TA. MS is constantly striving to achieve that goal. It increases the risk of failure. On the contrary MS actually reduces the risk of failure from the TA perspective because MS can inform the EXCON of anticipated problems ahead of time so that they can alter scenarios in order to minimize the risk of failure. MS can also solve potential problems quickly which in turn insures that the CAX stays on track of achieving all the TOs set out for the TA. How Does MS Make a Difference It increases the quality of products. By products we mean all the resources that insure that only the highest quality training is provided to the TA. Achieving the best possible COP is just a function of this. Through joint cooperation by the Training Division TD and the Training Support Division TSD at the Joint Force Training Centre JFTC the quality of the Training to meet the TOs are insured which ultimately means better trained soldiers. The Training Audience gets a more realistic experience which means better Training. By MS providing as much realism to the scenarios as possible which in turn translates to better training to all that make up the TA. MS also provides more efficient operation of the EXCON primarily in its role of insuring de-confliction of scenarios maximizing mobility of units etc. MSs Role in Training Exercise MS tools can be divided into four categories 1 Exercise Planning Management Tools 2 Constructive Simulation Systems Ancillary Tools 3 Interfaces to C2 Functional Area Services 4 Experimentation Analysis Tools This would be a good time to be reminded of the stages and phases of the NATO Training Doctrine Directive 75-3 which are as follows Stage 1 Concept Specification Development Stage 2 Planning Product Development Stage 3 Operational Conduct With the Following Four Phases Phase I Foundation Training Phase II Crisis Response Planning Phase III Execution Phase IV Assessment Stage 4 Analysis Reporting How the MS tools fit into the NATO Stages and Phases are not easy to describe therefore the below graphic shows the relationship that each of the tool categories has to each one Exercise Planning Management Tools. These primary tools are used everywhere. See the above graphic regarding the stages and phases of their use. The Joint Exercise Management Module JEMM is a planner tool for structuring exercise scenarios and defining action timing. Other planning tools are the Training Objective Management Module TOMM and the EXCON De-Confliction Matrix. Constructive Simulation Systems Ancillary Tools. These simulation systems are used for Stages 2 3 and also in Phase III. The simulations at the JFTC include 1 the Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation JCATS for OperationalTactical level training 2 the Virtual Battle Space VBS for TacticalIndividual level training and lastly 3 the Joint Theater Level Simulation JTLS. The Exercise Information Services EXIS platform is for managing information from multiple MS systems and providing tools in exercise planning and execution processes and is a vital link between the EXCON and the TA. Interfaces to C2 Functional Area Services. These interfaces are used in Stage 3 and Phase III as denoted above. In addition to EXIS another interface is the Networked Interoperable Real-Time Information Services NIRIS system. Experimentation and analysis tools. EXIS JEMM and batch files from JCATS are tools used by the ObserversTrainers OTs in