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Transformation Through Training Issue No 7 July 2015 11 Mistakes can be made in training lessons learnt and then additional practice provided in order to achieve a competent level of proficiency. Advising requires formalized training to develop those special sets of techniques used by any military advisor. This article will explore the JFTC advisory training model and uncover how these special sets of advising techniques are utilized and practiced within the RS Training Events. RS advisors are employed at all levels of command from the Training Advise Assist Command TAAC up through to the RS HQ and into the Ministries of Defense and Interior. The RS advisors are NATO personnel from various countries that are to be assigned to specific key personnel within each ANDSF Corps Headquarters Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Interior Commanders G1 thru G6 staff officers and other key like functions. During JFTC Training Events RS advisors are grouped in teams of eight and are led by a Recently Redeployed SME or a Contractor SME. The Recently Redeployed SME or a Contractor SME main function is to provide a forum in which an exchange of information and experience can occur between the SME and the RS advisor. First and foremost the RS advisors are members of their National Military organization and not that of Afghanistan. The RS advisors are trained to associate themselves with their ANDSF counterparts and are only a conduit between Coalition Forces and the ANDSF. The primary focus of the JFTC advisory training is to permit the RS advisors to practice acting as functional experts and then in time advise in support of ANDSF units in theatre. RS Advisors can also provide a liaison capability between ANDSF and NATO forces in order to coordinate the planning of operations. The JFTC Advisor Training Model consists of three distinct parts - Mission Specific Training MST Battle Staff Training BST and then the Battle Staff Training plus BST. JFTC Advisor Training Model MST is the first module provided by JFTC and is at the tactical level. It consists of a combination of specified lectures panel discussion and briefings delivered by the SMEs on specific topics dealing with the pre-deployment training and focused on the theatre environment. During this part of the training RS advisors are focused on initiating internal team SOPs developing team spirit preparing for the BST and liaison with the Staff. BST is the second module provided by the JFTC again at the tactical level and is a demonstration phase led by SMEs. The BST provides the training audience with an integrated training designed to maintain and improve the Advisors proficiency in mission- essential tasks comprised of responsibilities from several functional areas directorates divisions. The training aim for the RS advisors during the BST is to prepare for future operations with a focus on understanding NATO concepts and tasks in theatre. These SMEs led and monitored tasks include interaction with their Afghan partners on a daily basis interacting with the RS HQ staff on a daily or weekly basis being involved in Operational Planning Teams OPT within RS HQ and tracking observations problems through the RS HQ Staff process. The BST is the last module provided by JFTC again at the tactical level. During this last phase the RS advisors take the lead SMEs now take a backseat role and now integrate with both their ANDSF counterparts and the wider Staff through the provision of FRAGO to initiate interaction in a vignette format. A Vignette is a brief description account or short action which evokes a reaction or initiates staff work. The use of this training method exposes the training audience to new approaches and creates discussion. Vignettes also provide for a deeper understanding of the influences culture awareness honour and respect has within any professional relationship. These sessions allow for SMEs to introduce specific tools and tips to support the preparation of the interaction. This situation brings together MST BST BST