Transformation Through Training • Issue No: 11 • November 2018 • 31 The Counter-Intelligence Centre of Excellence (CI COE) is the latest institution that was established in the territory of the Republic of Poland. It was established in Kraków, pursuant to the Memorandum from Norfolk in 2015. It was created on the initiative of Poland and Slovakia. The main task of this entity is to increase the Alliance counterintelligence capabilities to prevent activities of enemy intelligence services. The detailed CI COE tasks, however, are secret. The CI COE also executes tasks set by ACT and nations that co-create the Centre. It is one of the 24 NATO centres of excellence specializing in different areas. Poland is engaged in works of 13 NATO centres of excellence. No doubt the announced investments in Poland may be an important consequence of strengthening the NATO eastern flank. The 2018 budget of the NATO Investment Program for Poland is three times as big as last year’s (231.5 mln dollars vs 69.4 mln dollars). As it was announced, construction and IT companies and also suppliers of communication systems (or their elements) will benefit the most from NATO investments in Poland. NATO entities in Bydgoszcz: 3th NSB, JFTC and NFIU will obtain new infrastructure19 . Location of NATO forces and infrastructure elements is definitely a sign of the position and role that Poland occupies in the integrated NATO command structure. Those elements demonstrate a strong alliance, deter enemies and guarantee real support as specified in Article 5. Now Polish authorities seek increasing presence of Euro Atlantic military structures in Poland, using, among others, Alliance command system development plans that assume one of them will be created in Europe in order to improve its logistic capabilities. As General Petr Pavel, NATO Military Committee Chairman, announced the decision regarding the location of new centres will be a political one20 . ■ 1 Evaluation of the State Security. Report on the Survey Ordered by the National Security Bureau, CBOS, November 2014, p. 12-13. 2 Russian attack on Georgia in 2008 was definitely an alert regarding probability of an outbreak of an international armed conflict in Europe. This is when first operational plans in case of Russia’s aggression against Poland and Baltic States were created. LT Ł. Jureńczyk, Polska w Sojuszu Północnoatlantyckim. Wojsko Polskie w operacjach reagowania kryzysowego, Bydgoszcz 2016, p.398. 3 There 4 During his speech at the GLOBSEC conference in 2014 NATO SecGen Anders Fogh Rassmusen assured about application of allied means – strengthening air defense, intensification of land exercises, launching AWACS over Poland and Romania, strengthening the Air Policing over the Baltic Sea. “Standing up for Freedom and Security” - full version available at: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/ opinions_109859.htm?selectedLocale=en 5 By the end of 2016 MNC NE in Szczecin consisted of 21 nations, including: Poland, Denmark and Germany as Founding Nations and respectively: Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia (2004), Czech Republic and Slovakia (2005), USA (2006), Romania (2008), Slovenia (2009), Croatia (2012), Hungary (2013), Sweden (2014), Albania, france, Spain, Holland, Turkey, Great Britain (2015) and Greece (2016) 6 A. Sokołowski, Wielonarodowy Korpus Północno-Wschodni w Szczecinie w systemie bezpieczeństwa europejskiego oraz stosunkach polsko-niemieckich (2007-2016), „Krakowskie Studia Międzynarodowe” 2016, nr 2, p. 73 – 91. 7 Point 40.of the Warsaw NATO Summit Communique at:: https://www.nato.int/ cps/en/natohq/official_texts_133169. htm (access on 15.01.2018). 8 Grupy bojowe w Polsce i krajach bałtyckich w pełni gotowe. „Zjednoczeni w obliczu wszelkiej możliwości”, DATA http:// wiadomosci.dziennik.pl/wydarzenia/ artykuly/553105,stoltenberg-grupy-bojowe- polska-kraje-baltyckie-nato-agresja.html 9 J. Keller, Lockheed Martin to start installing Aegis Ashore missile-defense equipment in Poland, w: http://www.militaryaerospace. com/articles/2016/08/missile-defense-aegis- ashore-poland.html [access: 16.01.2018] 10 B. Górka-Winter, Praski szczyt NATO (21-22 November 2002), „Biuletyn PISM” nr 102/2002, p. 701. 11 NATO During Transformation, at: https://www.nato.int/nato_static/assets/ pdf/pdf_publications/20120116_nato- trans-pol.pdf (access on 19.01.2018); S. Zarychta, Struktury militarne NATO 1949-2013, Warszawa 2013, p. 322-326. 12 Porozumienie w sprawie wsparcia 3 Batalionu Łączności NATO, „Polska Zbrojna” 02.11.2015 13 Grounds to the draft of the law on ratification of the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Poland and Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) regarding the basing, legal status and provision of support to the 3rd NATO Signal Battalion, a subordinate element of the NATO Communication and Information Systems Group (NCISG), located in the Republic of Poland, signed in SHAPE on 17 September 2014, Sejm of the Republic of Poland, no 3169 dated 6 February 2015 14 There. 15 The unit became a part of the network of 21 NATO centres of excellence in Europe and the USA 16 NATO MP COE will enhance NATO MP capabilities, will support interoperability and provide expertise in the area of Military Police in accordance with the strategic concept of the Alliance: Memorandum of Understanding between the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Poland, Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Defense of the Czech Republic, Federal Ministry of Defense of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Minister of Defense of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Ministry of National Defense of Romania concerning the Establishment, Administration and Operation of the NATO Military Police Centre of Excellence, MONITOR POLSKI DZIENNIK URZĘDOWY RZECZYPOSPOLITEJ POLSKIEJ, Warszawa, dnia 1 października 2014 r. Poz. 850, Rozdział 3: Misja i obowiązki, pkt 3.1. 17 Certyfikat NATO dla bydgoskiego centrum, „Polska Zbrojna” 22.02.2017; A. Morzycka, Aktywność bydgoskiego centrum, „Przegląd Sił Zbrojnych” 4/2017, p. 128 – 131. 18 https://jfcbs.nato.int/page5725819/nato- force-integration-units/nato-force-integration- units-fact-sheet [access on 26.01.2018]. 19 Z. Lentowicz, M. Kozubal, NATO potraja inwestycje w Polsce, „Rzeczpospolita” 21.01.2017, s. 20 http://www.gazetaprawna.pl/ artykuly/1098455,nato-lokalizacja-nowych- centrow-dowodzenia.html [dostęp 29.01.2018]