28 • Transformation Through Training • Issue No: 11 • November 2018 Facing challenges and threats of the contemporary world, effective execution of foreign policy and security policy in particular, by respective state entities, makes countries develop international cooperation. Members in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization serve the purpose of strengthening the sense of stability and also enabling its members to participate in a dynamic process of shaping the international security architecture. No doubt, for the Republic of Poland, who joined NATO in March 1999, the membership turned out to be a breakthrough. Structural reforms, army modernization, changes to the training system, doctrines and regulations – these are only a few of post-accession effects. The increase of the feeling of security is a result of intensive political and military cooperation of Poland within NATO. Surveys carried out by the Centre for Public Opinion Research (CBOS) show that Polish society considers the Alliance to be the key, next to the state authorities, guarantor of the feeling of security in Poland1 . Active participation in execution of the Alliance policy, participation in military operations (the Balkans, Iraq, Afghanistan), placing NATO command structures in Poland (in Bydgoszcz), Rapid Reaction Forces (in Bydgoszcz), Multinational Corps Northeast (MNC NE in Szczecin), NATO Counter-Intelligence Centre of Excellence (NATO CI COE in Kraków) and many other international institutions is a sign of strong ties between Poland and NATO, and especially with the United States. Assuming the role of an active ally, Poland gradually increased its engagement into NATO works. Intensive deepening of transatlantic ties included, next to active involvement in allied missions and operations, participation and organization of military exercises of different level, engagement in the process of increasing the Alliance’s capacity to the collective defense (reform of the NATO Response Force – VJTF), establishing NATO institutions in the territory of the Republic of Poland. Within NATO the re-shaping was implemented as a result of gradual evolution of perception of international environment. Transformation of the Alliance’s structures and forces caused by new circumstances, led to changes that resulted in strengthening of the position of Poland within the regularly modified structure of transatlantic security. What matters is that the change to the current way of treating security of the old and new NATO member states, resulting, among other things, in uneven distribution of the Alliance’s infrastructure, was driven by events in Crimea. Surprisingly, destabilization in the eastern flank significantly strengthened the role and importance of Poland in the structural dimension, the effect of which is location of NATO infrastructure elements in Poland. The belief that a highly intensive conflict may occur in Europe returned and it resulted in moving the stress from a crisis response operation to a basic mission, executed within the collective defense of member states, especially within the context of threats coming from Russia2 . Polish authorities attach great importance to the membership in NATO and thus allied cooperation within the Alliance and permanent deepening of ties with the United States, that dominate the Alliance, are the pillars of Poland’s security. This international alliance is developing within institutional engagement of NATO in the territory of Poland. Geopolitical location of our country is of strategic significance for NATO. Being an important state of the region of Central-Eastern Europe, and at the same time a NATO border state, directly Poland in NATO Security Policy Kamila Sierzputowska, PhD, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland ■