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28TransformationThroughTrainingIssueNo6December2014inGreeceagainsttheBritishadecadelaterOnedoesnotuseatanktocatchfieldmice--acatwilldothejobbetter.GeneralGeorgeGrivas-DighenisonBritishMilitaryStrategies1964PolandandCzechoslovakiaareequallyimportanttoterrorismstudiesinthiscontext.AlthoughCzechoslovakiaisoftencriticizedfornotdeployingitssignificantforcesagainstGermanyin1938andforfailingtoriseagainsttheoccupationtherearefourepisodesofpoliticalviolencethatmustnotbeforgottentheyaretheBritishsponsoredassassinationoftheReichsprotektoron27thMay1942theSlovakUprisingof1944thePragueUprisingwhichwasthelastmajorbattleofthewarinEuropeandpostdatedHitlersdeaththeCzechfighterpilotsofBattleofBritainfameandtheCzechVolunteerswhostoodalongsidetheBritishandAustraliansatTobruk-likeMasaryksLegionsofWorldWarItheywereatangiblepoliticalsocialandeconomicforcethatshapedthepatternsofpoliticalviolencethroughwhichalinecanbedrawnnotonlyfrom1914to1945buttotoday.WithregardstoPolanddifferentpatternstookshapeinthatdespitethebrutalityoftheNazioccupationandthereprisalsthatdecimatedthecountryspopulationarmedresistancewasconstantandcontinuedfromtheChargeofKrojantyonthe1stSeptember1939tothelastuprisinginWarsawin1944.ItalsohastoberememberedthatliketheFirstWorldWartheseconddidnotendin1945foreverycountrythatwasengagedinitandthatthereareclearlinksbetweenpreandpost1945conflictandwar.Thewarcontinuedundernewflagsupto1949inIsraelforexamplewithveteransandequipmentincludingironically24MesserschmittBF109sfromCzechoslovakiafromthebattlefieldsoftheSecondWorldWar.IndeeditcouldbearguedthattheclosingchaptersofWorldWarIIactuallytookplaceonthebattlefieldsofBosniainthe1990swhereFascistsandCommunistsslaughteredeachotherandtheirrespectivepopulationswerebutcheredwithnonchalance.ConclusionTerrorismhasbecomethesystematicweaponofawarthatknowsnobordersandhasnoface.JacquesChirac1986Toconcludetheforcesthatshapedpatternsofpoliticalviolencebetween1914and1945werefarfromextraordinarytheywerewarandtheeconomicpoliticalandsocialforcesoftheday.UnfortunatelyRapoportsFourWavesTheorylacksenoughofanundertowtogivecredencetothevolumesofpoliticalviolencewithwhichthisperiodisawash.Atthesametimehoweveritdoesshowthereactionaryqualitiesofterrorism.Neverthelesscategorizingterrorismhasledtogapsofknowledgeparticularlywithregardstotheoriginsofterrorismasaspeciesofwarfareanditstransformationintoamajorfeatureof21stcenturywarfare.Thatwardynamisesterrorismiswelldocumentedbutthisperiodaddsmorewarcanbeconsumedbyit.Theeconomicpoliticalandsocialforcesof1914equallyshowsthatwhilstterrorismfluctuatesamidstthewidercontextinwhichitismanifestthatthisisoftentothedetrimentofthephenomenon.Withregardstothehistoricityofterrorisminattentiontotheperiodraisesquestionsastotheeffectoftheunravellingofempiresonterrorismrevengeonterrorismandtheeffectofterrorismonterroristforces.Morecruciallygiventhat1914to1945isfarfromabsentofterrorismandthatitisarguablythemostimportantperiodinthehistoryofmodernwarfaretheriskofnotstudyingtheforcesthatshapeditcouldproveacosttoofarfortheWest.Mr.ChristopherMcKeatingisaPost-GraduateStudentatTheHandaCentrefortheStudyofTerrorismandPoliticalViolenceatStAndrewsaformerplatooncommanderandamemberoftheFSEC2014MilitarySecurityAdvisoryCommittee.AswellasresponsibilityforPMSCsChristopherisaCommitteeMemberoftheUnmannedSystemsWorkshop.Hehasbeenaninstructorfor15yearsinthedesignmanagementandinstructionofCounter-TerrorismPre-DeploymentInter-operabilityEnglishLanguageandInternationalRelationsCoursesformilitariesacrosstheworld.EducationMasterofLettersCSTPVStAndrewsUniversity2014Cert.CSTPVStAndrewsUniversity2011RSACert.CambridgeUniversitySKOLA1996B.A.HonoursDegreeLiverpoolUniversity1995PlatoonCommander1993OxfordUniversitysOfficerTrainingCorps1991DownsideAbbey1989BritishEmbassySchoolRiyadhSaudiArabia1983.CurrentworkGunpowderTreasonPlotAqualitativeanalysisofthethreattotheUnitedKingdomfromBritishforcesloyaltoAlQaedaIslamicStateandAlQaedaSeparatists.ResearchtofurtheranunderstandingofthethreattotheUKfromBritishcitizensloyaltoAlQaedaAlQaedaSeparatistsandIslamicStateandtheirintentifanytolaunchattacksagainstthepopulationandcriticalinfrastructureoftheircountry.TheresearchisbasedonananalysisofthelatterscompetenciesinasymmetricalwarfareandthelevelsofproficiencythatwouldberequiredtoattacktargetsintheUnitedKingdom.UsingtheProtectandPreparestrandsoftheUKGovernmentsConteststrategyasabenchmarkthisresearchprojectwillinvolveananalysisofriskthreattotheUKpopulationandinfrastructureusingsecondarydatathatisalreadyinthepublicdomainwithaprimefocusontextsfromtwosourcesicounter-terrorismpolicymakerspractitionersandiiAlQaedaISstrategistspropagandists.AbouttheAuthor