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TransformationThroughTrainingIssueNo6December201411kindofcomplexityrequiresaspecificlogictodealwithit.Thisisclearwhenwelookatsomeofthemostprominentcontemporarymilitarythinkers.MostofthemagreewithClausewitzonthesystemicnatureofwarfareallpartsofthewholeareintertwined4anditscomplexcharacterBonaparterightlysaidthatmanyofthedecisionsfacedbythecommander-in-chiefresemblemathematicalproblemsworthyofthegiftsofaNewtonoranEuler5howevertheyinterpretthiscom-plexitydifferentlyandbasedonthatunder-standingdevelopvariouslogictoguidetheconductofoperationswithinthatframework.Ithinkallsuchinterpretationscanbegroupedintothreecategoriespendingontheopinionthatsuchcomplexityisbasedonstructuralinteractiveorchaoticcharacterofreality.Takingthosethreekindsofcomplex-ityintoaccountIwillpostulatethatmostofthecontemporarymilitarythoughtcanbegroupedaroundthreelogicsoutcomelogicassociatedtothestructuralcomplex-itydialecticlogiclinkedtotheinteractivecomplexityanddesignlogicthatisbehindthewaysofthinkingassociatedtothechaoticcomplexity.InthefollowinglinesIwillintro-ducetheselogicsthroughamixtureofbrieftheoreticalnotesandhistoricalexamples.IamawarethateachoftheselogicshasbeenhistoricallypresentedasaclosedandcompletetheoryfortheconductofoperationsbutIamconvincedthatmostofoperationalproblemsdemandabal-anceduseofthesethreelogics.Thereforemyproposalisthatunderstandingthatbalancewithaclearviewofwhatlogicshouldbestressedineachmomentisakeyelementtoprovidestafflevelmentor-ingduringtheCrisisResponsePlanning.OutcomeLogicIwillstartwiththelogicthathasbeendevelopedtoconductoperationsinthetheatrethatisconsideredcomplexforstructuralrea-sonsandwheretheobjectivesareidentifiedwithspecificchangesinthatstructure.Whenwhatisatissueistomodifyastructurethismodificationsetsthemodeandcontentofthewaytheoperationsareconducted.Fromastructuralpointofviewtheoutcomecon-figurestheprocessesandthesuccessdependsonlyontheoptimizationoftheseprocesses.Theoutcomecansetthemodeandcontentoftheconductofoperationstotheextentthatthestructuralconceptionofthecomplexityprovidesacleardescrip-tionoftheproblemstosolveandalsomakesitpossibletoestablishaclearasso-ciationbetweenthemeanstobeusedandthepurposestobeachieved.Itisthereforeastaticlogicthatisnotintendedfordrivinganyinnovationastheobjectivestoachievepredetermineprocessestobeusedanditcomesdowntohowtomaximizetheeffec-tivenessandefficiencyoftheseprocesses.TofindtheoriginsofthislogicwemustgobacktotheSecondWorldWarwhereagrowingbodyofBritishandU.S.militaryplannersappliedadvancedanalyticalmeth-odstohelpmakebetterdecisions.Throughtheemploymentofmathematicaltoolssuchasmathematicalmodelingstatisticalanaly-sisandmathematicaloptimizationtheytriedtoarriveatoptimalornear-optimalsolutionstocomplexdecision-makingproblemsespe-ciallyrelatedtothefieldoftheaerialwarfare6.Thisoutcomelogicevolveddiffer-entlyaccordingtotheanalogyusedtocon-ceivethestructuralcomplexitywhethertheanalogyofthemachinewhichisattheoriginofOperationalResearchandSystemImagesourcehttpwww.defence.gov.aunewsraafnewseditions4802featuresfeature01.htm